Archive for 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use

The Rural Electrification in China and the Impact of Renewable Energies

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use

Financing Rural Renewable Energy: A Comparison Between China and India

This paper analyses the current status of rural renewable energy in China and India, develops and employs an analysis framework to study the environment, channels, instruments and innovative mechanisms of financing rural renewable energy in China and India.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use

Rural Electrification, Human Development and the Renewable Energy Potential of China

Recognizing the successes of other countries, including Bangladesh and Chile, the Chinese government focused on rural electrification programs as a means of stimulating industrial growth and movement towards further modernization. Since the inception of efforts at rural electrification, China has been successful in electrifying 98% of its population. This was accomplished while maintaining high rates of growth and improved human development indicators, like literacy and infant mortality rates, as well as per capita income. Because of China’s electrification programs, it has achieved incredible success in moving towards its own development goal, as well as those of the United Nations Millennium; however, there is plenty of room for improvement.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use

Renewable Energy Options for Poor Rural Western Areas of China

As a developing country with both large area and tremendous population, although China’s economy is growing rapidly, there are still large quantities of population in poverty, the majority of who are dispersed in the remote western part of China. The western provinces enjoy the best renewable resources in China. The harnessing of RE resources to serve the rural residents, particularly the poor in remote areas is the requirement of building a well-off society. Furthermore, RE resource utilization will help the ecology protection that is becoming significant. More specific, it is the government’s obligations to find solutions to supply the unelectrified population clean energies. This paper is trying to provide a justification in harnessing the RE resources to reduce the poverty from the energy supply point of view. An overall initial assessment will be presented regarding the poverty situation in China, RE resources, RE technologies, as well as motivations and barriers in developing RE resources. Barriers analysis will be drawn from some selected case studies. At last, the paper attempts to show the policy outlines to address these problems.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use

The Brightness and Township Electrification Program of China

China is a developing country with about 70% rural population; Rural infrastructure is poor, it needs be improved with a great efforts; In recent years, more than RMB 280 billion (EURO 28 billion) have been invested for rural grid improvement including extensions. However, by the end of 2003, there are still about 29,000 villages with about 7 million rural households (about 3.55% of the total population) which are not connected to the grid. The “Brightness Program of China ” was drawn up under the leadership of former State Development Planning Commission during 1996 till 1999 The plan is to speed up the activity of decentralized electrification of remote rural areas; it is also a positive response to the proposal of the world solar summit in Zimbabwe. It is planned that 23 million people in remote area shall be electrified by wind and PV technologies till 2010 with an average capacity of 100 W per capita. The total installed capacity will reach 2,300 MW then.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use

Renewable Energy in China: Township Electrification Program

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use

Up-grading Renewable Electrical Energy Program for Village Levels in China by Use of Government Financing and Bidding Based on Market Regulation

China is a developing country with a large territory of 9.6 million square kilometers and 1.28 billion people, among whom 0.8 billion live in rural areas. The Chinese government has committed itself to supplying electricity to remote areas by various technical means, including the extension of power grids and the establishment of local level systems. China has now achieved a remarkable 95 percent electrification rate. Even so, this challenge of rural electrification remains a high Government priority. Today, over 40 million people in China still lack access to modern energy services and their communities are typically located far from existing grids, mainly in the western regions.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use