Archive for 6.2.0 Wind

The China Wind Energy Outlook 2012

The China Wind Energy Outlook 2012 is the fourth edition in the series, following the 2007, 2008 and 2010 editions jointly published by the Chinese Renewable Energy Industry Association, Greenpeace, GWEC and the Chinese Wind Energy Association. This year’s version takes stock of the Chinese wind energy market, providing a comprehensive outlook on the current status of the industry with prospects for the future. China led the global wind energy market for a third year in a row adding 17.63 GW of new wind capacity in 2011. Most of the installations were in the wind-rich areas in the north, northeast and northwest part of the country, but in 2011 wind development started moving towards decentralised projects in the lower wind speed regions. The Outlook projects  China’s wind power capacity to reach between 200-300 GW by 2020 and over 400 GW by 2030; this would mean that wind power would supply about 8.4% of total electricity consumption, and 15% of installed capacity in China. Retrospectively, it estimates that in 2011 71.5 billion kilowatt hours were generated by wind in China, making up 1.5% of the national total electricity output and reducing CO2 emissions by about 70 million tons.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.1 Wind Sector Status Reports

China Wind Energy Outlook 2010

China’s Wind Power Projected to Equal 13 Three Gorges Dams by 2020. China’s wind power can reach 230 GW of installed capacity by 2020, which is equal to 13 times the current capacity of the Three Gorges Dam; its annual electricity output of 464.9 TWh could replace 200 coal fire power plants, according to China Wind Power Outlook 2010, a new report jointly released by Greenpeace, the Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association (CREIA), and the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).In 2009, China led the world in newly installed wind-energy devices, reaching a capacity of 13.8 GW (10,129 turbines) – a rate of one new turbine every hour. In terms of overall capacity, China ranks second, at 25.8 GW. The report projects that by 2020, China’s total wind power capacity will reach at least 150GW, possibly up to 230GW, which, if realized, could cut 410 million tons of CO2 emission, or 150 million tons of coal consumption. Compared to multinationals, many Chinese companies are young and lack a strong basis for research and development. Despite a renewable energy policy requiring grid companies to purchase all electricity from wind farms, access to wind power for the grid is frequently lagging behind an unstable, out-dated grid infrastructure. There is also the problem of a lack of incentives and penalties for grid companies, and slow progress in more wind energy technologies.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.1 Wind Sector Status Reports

China Windpower Report 2007

China could lead the world in wind energy development and play a larger role in combating climate change, according to a report by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), Greenpeace and Chinese Renewable Energy Industry Association (CREIA). The China Wind Power Report 2007 predicts that China’s installed wind power capacity could reach 122 GW by 2020, equivalent to the capacity of five Three Gorges Dams. China’s current target for wind energy is 30GW by 2020. The report urges China to set a more ambitious target in order to seize the opportunity of massive uptake of wind power, and gives three different growth projections for the Chinese wind market. Given current policies, China’s installed capacity of wind energy could reach 50GW by 2020, accounting for about 4% of the total installed generation capacity. If the policy environment could be further improved, the installed capacity of wind energy could reach 80GW by 2020, accounting for 7% of installed capacity. However, if the Chinese government could give full policy support to wind power, then the installed capacity of wind energy could exceed 120GW by 2020, accounting for up to 10% of the total installed capacity of the country.

6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.1 Wind Sector Status Reports

A Comparison of Wind Power Industry Development Strategies in Spain, India and China

This paper compares the manner in which Gamesa (Spain), Suzlon (India) and Goldwind (China) became domestic leaders in their respective countries’ wind industries, with a focus on the acquisition of technology, technological know-how, and the associated intellectual property rights. The paper also reviews the respective policy environments for wind energy in India, China, and Spain and how these policies have influenced the rise of a major domestic wind turbine manufacturer in each national context.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

A Study on the Pricing Policy of Wind Power in China

The report “A Study on the Pricing Policy of Wind Power in China” reviews the development of wind power and the pricing system in China. In particular, it looks at the existing wind concession projects and sums up the lessons learned. The report finds that the current tender system for wind pricing needs to be improved in order to build a fair environment for the wind industry competition. Special attention should be paid to restricting the phenomenon of unreasonably low and unreasonably high wind tariffs, to facilitate the long-term development of the Chinese wind industry. One of the leading authors of the report, Li Junfeng, Director of CREIA says “wind power is a new industry and it still needs support. The current pricing policy does not match the goal of supporting wind development, and it has to be changed.” The Chairman of GWEC, Arthouros Zervos also points out, “the price volatility and uncertainty caused by the current regulation harms foreign and domestic private manufacturers and developers, who are discouraged by a pricing pressure they cannot sustain.” The report looks at a number of international practices on wind power pricing policies and put forward 5 principles for the wind pricing policy in China: beneficial for long-term market development of wind power, promoting broader participation, facilitating localization of wind turbine manufacture, encouraging competitiveness of the wind power industry and beneficial for drawing in more investment. Based on these five principles, the report suggests to change the tender system into a feed-in-tariff system for wind power in China. The report also suggests that the prices should be adjusted in a timely fashion, but should always be higher than those for coal-fired power. Moreover, the report encourages self-regulation among wind power companies so that a fair competition environment could be built up. As a major form of alternative energy, wind power has great potential. Currently, coal-fired power accounts for 75% of the Chinese electricity mix and causes huge environmental problems. The massive uptake of renewable energies, such as wind energy, has become the world trend and is exactly what China has to do. Steve Sawyer, the Climate and Energy Policy Advisor of Greenpeace International says, “China is faced with a great opportunity for developing wind power, but the development relies heavily on an enabling pricing system. It is hoped that this report could provide the basis for discussions on the improvement of the pricing policy for wind power in China.”

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.10 Finances and Pricing

Analysis on the Impact of Coastal Wind Power Connecting to the Grid in Jiangsu Province

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.6 Grid Integration

Boom, then Blowdown for Wind Energy’s Sinovel

6.2.12 Some Recent Articles on Wind Energy

China to halt wind turbine subsidies

6.2.12 Some Recent Articles on Wind Energy

China to start building second-batch wind power projects for 2011-2015 this year

6.2.12 Some Recent Articles on Wind Energy

China Wind Energy Development Roadmap 2050

This roadmap foresees wind power capacity reaching 200 GW by 2020, 400 GW by 2030 and 1 000 GW by 2050. Wind power will be one of five main power sources, and will meet 17% of electricity demand. As technology improves and wind power is scaled up, there are no insurmountable barriers to realising these ambitious targets, with respect to resources, technology, industry and the power system.  Depending on the cost of wind energy development and the transmission cost of wind power in different areas, the supply curves in this roadmap will be achieved. If the marginal tariff for wind power is set at CNY 0.55/ kWh excluding the transmission cost for long distance, 700 GW could be installed around seven strategic concentrations.   Before 2020, land-based wind power will dominate, with offshore wind power at the demonstration stage; from 2021 to 2030, both land and offshore wind power will be developed, and far offshore wind power will be in demonstration; after 2030, wind power will be developed further on land and offshore.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.2 Government and International Institutions, and Industry Policy, Strategies and Recommendations