Archive for 6.1.3 Recommendations and International Lessons

Integration of Renewable Energy in China: Introducing Lessons Learnt From Europe

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.3 Recommendations and International Lessons

Feasibility Study for the Establishment of a Chinese Renewable Energy Centre- Survey on US RE Centres: Case Study of NREL

In accordance with the terms of reference and the inception report for this assignment, a case study of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been developed. The case study aims to provide the reader with an understanding of NREL’s (I) objectives activities, impact and (II) budget and resources as well as how those two legs tie into (III) NREL’s organization and operations. The final chapter will contextualize the findings to China.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.3 Recommendations and International Lessons

Regional Renewable Energy Planning: International Case Studies, Lessons Learned

This study was commissioned by the GEF / World Bank Assisted China Renewable Energy Scale-up Program (CRESP), and by the Energy Foundation’s China Sustainable Energy Program (CSEP). Its purpose is to assist China’s Center for Renewable Energy Development (CRED) to complete a study on provincial renewable energy planning, including the development of specific planning methodologies that China’s provinces might follow. According to the requirements of China’s Renewable Energy Law, approved in 2005, the Government of China has established national renewable energy targets. These targets are not yet specifically allocated to provinces but, for the national targets to be implemented effectively, provincial renewable energy objectives must also be established. In fact, the Renewable Energy Law requires that China’s national government, cooperating with provincial, autonomous region, and municipal governments, establish mid- and long-term targets for renewable energy development and utilization within each of these smaller administrative regions.1 These local targets are to be consistent with the national targets, but are also to consider the economic context and resource potential at the local/regional level. Importantly, to ensure that the subsequent renewable energy targets are achieved, each relevant provincial, autonomous region, and municipal government2 is required to establish and implement a renewable energy development and utilization plan.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.3 Recommendations and International Lessons

International Experience with Public Benefit Funds: A Focus on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Renewable energy and energy efficiency investments have long been supported through public policy efforts in a wide array of countries. Public benefits funds (PBFs) are one of several policy tools that might be used to provide this support, and PBFs have become increasingly common in recent years, especially as competition in the electricity industry has increased. While the objectives of different PBF programs are often similar, the structures and means to deliver energy efficiency and renewable energy services through PBFs show much wider variation across countries and U.S. states. This report summarizes international experience with PBF policies that target renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) investments, and identifies lessons learned from these experiences that are applicable to the Chinese context.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.3 Recommendations and International Lessons

Renewable Power for China: Past, Present, and Future

This paper briefly examines the history, status, policy situation, development issues, and prospects for key renewable power technologies in China. The country has become a global leader in wind turbine and solar photovoltaic (PV) production, and leads the world in total power capacity from renewable energy. Policy frameworks have matured and evolved since the landmark 2005 Renewable Energy Law, updated in 2009. China’s 2020 renewable energy target is similar to that of the EU. However, China continues to face many challenges in technology development, grid-integration, and policy frameworks. These include training, research and development, wind turbine operating experience and performance, transmission constraints, grid interconnection time lags, resource assessments, power grid integration on large scales, and continued policy development and adjustment. Wind and solar PV targets for 2020 will likely be satisfied early, although domestic demand for solar PV remains weak and the pathways toward incorporating distributed and building-integrated solar PV are uncertain. Prospects for biomass power are limited by resource constraints. Other technologies such as concentrating solar thermal power, ocean energy, and electricity storage require greater attention.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.3 Recommendations and International Lessons