Archive for 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations

Research and Proposals on Incentive Policy and Measurements of Chinese PV Market Development and Acceleration

This report was prepared by the Institute of Electrical Engineering under CAS in cooperation with domestic and international experts. The report elaborates the strategic importance, necessity, urgency as well as viability of jumpstarting a domestic solar PV market in China; research includes the present solar PV power industry and its production chain, cost composition, technology state, and potential for technical innovation and development; the report also analyzes factors restricting the development of the domestic solar PV market, and proposes relevant policy advice and an “Action Plan for Jumpstarting China’s Domestic Solar PV market’.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.3 Solar Energy, 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations

Report on the Development of the Photovoltaic Industry in China (2006-2007)

Commissioned by the Project Management Office (PMO) of the National Development and Reform Commission/Global Environment Facility/World Bank (NDRC/GEF/WB) China Renewable Energy Development Project (REDP), this paper studies the development of the PV industry in China over the past few years. It is hoped that it will serve as a useful reference for those interested in China’s PV industry and help to promote its further development. This 2006-2007 research report provides both a broad overview and detailed analysis of China’s PV industry. It should assist the entire industry chain, including policy makers, enterprises and investors, to more accurately understand the dynamics of the industry and hence to develop effective strategies, policies and plans for future development of the industry. This 2006 – 2007 report is the second report commissioned by REDP on the Chinese PV industry. In 2005, REDP PMO organized a team of experts to write a Report on the Development of the PV Industry in China (in both Chinese and English) and this was published in August 2006. In that first report, a review was given on the status of, and prospects for, the PV industry and market in China, and policies and plans of action to further promote the industry in China were suggested. That report had a positive impact on the PV industry in China. However, due to the subsequent rapid development, the August 2006 report does not adequately reflect the current status of the PV industry in China. For this reason, in 2007 the REDP PMO commissioned a team of experts to write this updated Report on the Development of the PV Industry in China. Based on collected data and field surveys, this report gives a comprehensive review of the current status of the industry in China, and also makes predictions and policy suggestions for future development.

6.3 Solar Energy, 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations

China Solar PV Report 2007

China’s installed capacity of solar PV will reach 10GWp, generating 130 TWh electricity annually, which is equal to electricity generation of 26 large-scaled coal power stations.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.3 Solar Energy, 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations

Solar Generation – Solar Electricity for One Billion People and Two Million Jobs by 2020

The European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) and Greenpeace publish this third edition of Solar Generation to update our understanding of the contribution that solar power can make to the world’s energy supply. The report is a practical blueprint to show that solar power is capable of supplying electricity to more than one billion people within two decades, even if our overall electricity use doubles in that time. Solar Generation aims to define the role that solar electricity will play in the lives of a population born today and growing up into an important energy saving and consumption group. The aim has been to examine how solar electricity will be perceived from both the consumer and the business point of view within the timescale of one single generation. The report highlights the benefits which solar energy offers to the world – for the climate and environment, for social development, for economy and supply as well as for industry and employment.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.3 Solar Energy, 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations

PV Market and Industry Development in China: Impacts of PV Programs and Technology Improvement

China is THE global runner-up in the PV field. This concerns PV market but even more PV industry development. Especially since 2004 the PV supply chain has developed explosively successful. A drawback is that the industry is orienting more and more towards export, and neglecting (partly due to shortage in modules and manpower) the home market to certain extends especially the market of rural applications. The NDRC/World Bank/GEF China Renewable Energy Development Project (REDP) is ‘running’ from 2001 to 2006. The PV component is aiming at developing the rural market for PV (and small wind) in six north-western provinces. The TI component encourages technology improvement that will lead to lower cost and better quality of components for PV and PV/wind systems. The in-official aim of the TI is also to give the Chinese industry a better chance at competing with western industries in the renewable energy market in general and the Chinese PV market. China had several quality problems in the PV market around 2000, such as the mal functioning due to lacking quality of the PV module, of essential other components (esp. the controller) or due to slow service. By the REDP much attention was paid to how to improve quality in the Chinese market in the supply and service chain. REDP substantially affected the quality of PV components produced in China and the professionalizing of Chinese PV industry. Around the year 2000 the NDRC/WB/GEF China REDP has also been crucial for the attention of the Chinese authorities and industry for PV. Now at the end of the China REDP new programs take over the guiding and trendsetting role, paving the way for China to be one of the top-3 countries in the global PV field before the year 2010.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.3 Solar Energy, 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations

Photovoltaic (PV) System Investigation Report 2005

This report is based on the following:In order to effectively increase supply of electricity in an environmentally sustainable way and improve access of isolated rural area residents to electricity services, and therefore to promote the continuous economic and social development of China, the State Development and Reform Commission and the World Bank are applying joint efforts to carry out the Renewable Energy Development Project for China. The residential solar PV system user investigation report for 2005 mainly targets Baiyu County and Dege County in Sichuan Province. The investigated companies are Qinghai Solar Power, Qinghai Tianpu, Xining New Energy, Xining Dawa, Xining Gesang, Xining Tianyu, Shixinguangfu (previously known as XiningJintaiyang), Xining Yueguang, Beijing Jike, Gansu Shengguang and Sanyang Natural Power. The investigation covers from the number of PV systems sold by each companies to basic data like the user names, serial numbers of the battery boards, power and the like. The Project’s main objectives are: Conducting field research with sales information of the PV system provided by the PV Project Office to confirm the sales condition of each PV company.  Finding out clients satisfaction on things like the usage, quality and maintenance the product in order to provide reliable reference for the development and execution of the project.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.3 Solar Energy, 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations

Commercialization of Solar PV Systems in China

In 1995, the State Science and Technology Commission (SSTC) of the People’s Republic of China and the United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) jointly signed a cooperation framework on energy efficiency and renewable energy. Since that time, a series of cooperative documents have been signed, and many cooperative projects have been carried out. In 1996, the State Economic and Trade Commission (SETC) of China and the U.S. DOE signed an annex promoting the commercial development of renewable energy enterprises in China and the United States. In light of this agreement, the Renewable Energy Development Center of the Energy Research Institute, under the SSTC, and the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), conducted a joint project aimed at increasing mutual understanding between renewable energy companies in China and the United States. Other goals of the project include increasing opportunities for business collaboration and widening financing channels through the activities of information exchange, personnel training, and the creation of market opportunities. In this project, experts on both sides conducted a joint systematic investigation of the status of photovoltaic (PV) technology in China, including PV generation technologies, PV systems, and PV manufacturers and sellers. In spite of the rather large market potential, the PV industry in China is a latecomer, and the technical level is rather backward. The PV products are poor in quality and high in price compared with those in developed countries. This greatly restrains the development of PV manufacturers and their market penetration. Most Chinese PV manufacturing enterprises are faced with the problem of updating and reforming their technologies to adapt them to market development and competition. The purpose of this report is to (1) examine the current status of China’s PV industry; (2) understand the interests and market trends for U.S. PV enterprises; and (3) communicate this, along with the Chinese government’s plans and policies for PV development, to promote cooperation between Chinese and U.S. enterprises, thereby advancing the PV industry and its market development in China.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.3 Solar Energy, 6.3.1 Solar PV Status Reports and Recommendations