Archive for 1 Energy and Climate

China’s Energy Policy

To curb excessive consumption of energy resources and achieve the comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development of the economy, society and ecology, China keeps strengthening its efforts in energy conservation and emission reduction, and strives to raise the efficiency of energy utilization. As a result, energy consumption per unit of GDP has been decreasing year by year. China will continue to take the Scientific Outlook on Development as its guiding principle, and work hard to transform its development pattern, giving prominence to building a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society. It relies on scientific, technological and system innovation to raise efficiency in all aspects of energy utilization, further develops new and renewable energy resources, and promotes the clean and efficient development and utilization of fossil energy resources. The country endeavors to build a modern energy industry which is secure, stable, economical and clean, in order to provide a solid guarantee for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and make greater contributions to the world’s economic development.

1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research

China’s Energy Conditions and Policies

China is now the world’s second-largest energy producer and consumer. The sustained growth of energy supply has provided an important support for the country’s economic growth and social progress, while the rapid expansion of energy consumption has created a vast scope for the global energy market. As an irreplaceable component of the world energy market, China plays an increasingly important role in maintaining global energy security. Guided by the Scientific Outlook on Development, the Chinese government is accelerating its development of a modern energy industry, taking resource conservation and environmental protection as two basic state policies, giving prominence to building a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society in the course of its industrialization and modernization, striving to enhance its capability for sustainable development and making China an innovative country, so as to make greater contributions to the world’s economy and prosperity.

1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research

National Energy Plan 2004-2020

November 2003, the State Council Development Research Center (DRC) presented an initial draft of the National Energy Plan to senior leaders at the November 15-17, 2003 China Development Forum. These senior leaders, including Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan and National People’s Congress (NPC) General Secretary Sheng Huaren, endorsed the plan, which calls for making energy efficiency the number one priority in China’s energy strategy. An early draft of the main report along with eleven background reports and written comments by international energy experts Thomas B. Johansson and Peter A. Bradford are available for download. DRC is currently revising the National Energy Plan for adoption by the State Council.

1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research

Energy and Environmental Issues in China

1 Energy and Climate, 1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.2 Multilateral Institutions and Foreign Government Reports

World Energy Outlook 2007, China and India Insights

China and India, the world’s fastest growing energy markets, are the special focus of the 2007 edition in the award-winning World Energy Outlook (WEO) series. China and India, the world’s fastest growing energy markets, are the special focus of the 2007 edition in the award-winning World Energy Outlook (WEO) series. How fast will demand in these dynamic economies rise? How will it be met? And what impact will their energy choices have on the rest of the world? Incorporating a global update of the WEO mid- and long-term energy projections reflecting the latest data, WEO 2007 also features 3 key energy scenarios to 2030.

1 Energy and Climate, 1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.2 Multilateral Institutions and Foreign Government Reports

Energy Outlook for China 2009

Rapid economic growth in the People’s Republic of China will drive an annual growth  rate of 2.4% in final energy demand (2005–2030).  Total primary energy demand is projected to grow at 2.6% annually. Coal will account  for the bulk of the primary energy mix, at 53.4% in 2030, although it represents a reduced  share compared with the 2005 level of 63.2%.  The increasing amount of oil demand will have to be met by imports, with oil import dependency increasing from 43.6% in 2005 to 71.9% in 2030. Nuclear power will play a key role to slow carbon dioxide emissions; its growth rate will  be about 11.9% (2005–2030)

1 Energy and Climate, 1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.2 Multilateral Institutions and Foreign Government Reports

Energy Policies and Strategies for China

1 Energy and Climate, 1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.2 Multilateral Institutions and Foreign Government Reports

APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook 2006: China

Growth in China’s economy will result in an almost three-fold increase in energy demand through 2030. Over the outlook period, China will account for about 42 percent of APEC’s overall energy demand growth, 67 percent of  coal demand growth, more than 30 percent of oil demand growth, and about 24 percent of natural gas demand growth. China’s oil import dependency will increase from 22 percent in 2002 to 70 percent in 2030. The investment requirement will amount to between US$1.9-2.3 trillion, representing 37 percent of the overall APEC  investment requirements for the energy sector.

1 Energy and Climate, 1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.2 Multilateral Institutions and Foreign Government Reports

Report on Energy in China

1 Energy and Climate, 1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.2 Multilateral Institutions and Foreign Government Reports

China’s Energy Challenge: Setting the Scene

David Victor looks at the difficult road ahead for China’s “green” growth. China is poised to continue to be the world leader in coal generated energy for the foreseeable future.

1 Energy and Climate, 1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.3 International and Foreign Think-tanks, Research Institutes, NGOs and Individual Researchers