Archive for 6 Renewable Energy

The Renewable Energy Industrial Development Report, 2010

Significant outputs have been achieved for renewable energy development in China in 2009. By the end of 2009, China’s hydropower installed capacity has reached 197 million kilowatts, ranking first in the world; total installed windpower doubled for the last four consecutive years, reaching 25.8 million kilowatts; Solar photovoltaic cell production of 4 million kilowatts maintains an absolute advantage in the world; Total solar water heater usage are over 145 million m2, representing more than 60% of the world’s total solar water heater’s usage; Biomass, geothtermal and other renewable energy have also developed in some extent. Without considering the traditional use of biomass, China’s renewable energy usages is about 258 million tce in 2009, accounting for 8.4% of the total primary energy consumption. The renewable energy supplied electricity has reached 661.674 billion kWh, 17.9% of the total electricity in 2009.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in China: Current Status and Prospects for 2020

Over the past few years, China has emerged as a global leader in clean energy, topping the world in production of compact fluorescent light bulbs, solar water heaters, solar photovoltaic (PV) cells, and wind turbines. Around the world, governments and industries now find themselves struggling to keep pace with the new pacesetter in global clean energy development. Chinese efforts to develop renewable energy technologies have accelerated in recent years as the government has recognized energy as a strategic sector. China has adopted a host of new policies and regulations aimed at encouraging energy efficiency and expanding renewable energy deployment. At a time when many countries still struggle with the aftermath of a devastating financial crisis, the Chinese government has used its strong financial position to direct tens of billions of dollars into clean energy— increasing the lead that Chinese companies have in many sectors. Among other initiatives, the Chinese government has taken strong action to promote renewable energy, establish national energy conservation targets, and delegate energy-saving responsibilities to regions. Key legislative actions include the national Renewable Energy Law, which entered into force in January 2006, the national Medium and Long-Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy, launched in September 2007, and the Medium and Long-Term Energy Conservation Plan, launched in November 2004. Although per capita energy use in China remains below the international average, it is growing very rapidly, spurred recently by the infrastructure-intensive government stimulus program launched in late 2008.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

The Renewable Energy Industrial Development Report 2009

2008 is a fruitful year for renewable energy development in China. By the end of 2008, China’s hydropower installed capacity has reached 170 million kilowatts, ranking No.1 in the world; total installed capacity of wind power doubled in three consecutive years, as the world’s fastest growing wind power market, reaching 12.15 million kilowatts; and the cumulative market share of domestic funded and joint venture increased to 61.8%, which for the first time exceeded the foreign funded enterprises; Solar photovoltaic cell production of 2 million kilowatt maintains an absolute advantage in the world;  total solar water heater usage is over 125 million square meters, accounting for more than 60% of the world’s total solar water heaters in use;  biomass, geothermal and other renewable energy have also developed. Without considering the traditional use of biomass, China’s renewable energy usages is about 250 million tons of standard coal in 2008, accounting for 9% of the total primary energy consumption.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

Chinese Renewables Status Report: Recommendations for Improving the Effectiveness of Renewable Energy Policies in China

This report provides a list of recommendations to the policy makers in China on improving the effectiveness of renewable energy policies domestically. This report was commissioned by REN21 and produced in collaboration with the Chinese Renewable Energy Industry Association (CREIA) and technology experts from various Chinese research institutions and the private sector. It was derived from a larger background paper with more detailed scrutiny of each renewable energy technology and its policy implications in China.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy Chapter

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

China Clean Energy Report

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

China Renewable Energy Development Overview, 2008

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

Powering China’s Development: the Role of Renewable Energy

China’s need for secure, affordable, and environmentally sustainable energy for its 1.3 billion people is palpable. In 2006, China’s energy use was already the second highest in the world, having nearly doubled in the last decade, and its electricity use is growing even faster, having doubled since 2000. With both energy-intensive industry and high-tech manufacturing, China now serves as factory to the world. Rising living standards also mean more domestic consumption, including high-energy-use items like air conditioners and cars. By 2020, annual vehicle sales in China are expected to exceed those in the United States.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy Development in China: The Potential and the Challenges

This 2000 report summarizes the current status of renewable energy in China, including both the technical and policy status to date with recommendations for future areas of improvement. The co-authors are Zhang Zhengmin, Professor of the Energy Research Institute, Wang Qingyi, Vice President of the China Energy Research Society, Zhuang Xing, Associate Professor of the Energy Research Institute, Dr. Jan Hamrin, Executive Director of the Center for Resource Solutions, and Seth Baruch, Program Manager of the Center for Resource Solutions.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.1 General Renewable Energy, 6.1.1 Status Reports on Renewable Energy

Information at a Glance: China 12th 5 Year Plan for Renewable Energy Development 2011-2015

A summary of governmental policy to enlarge the scale of renewable energy applications, to promote the integration of renewable energy and conventional energy systems, to increase the proportion of renewable energy in energy mix; to improve the overall capability for innovation in renewable energy technology, to master the core technologies of renewable energy, to establish a sound and competitive renewable energy industries

6.1.2 Government, Industry, International Policy and International Financial Institutions