Archive for 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

Overcapacity in China – Causes, Impacts and Recommendations

Overcapacity is a blight on China’s industrial landscape, affecting dozens of industries and wreaking far-reaching damage on the global economy in general, and China’s economic growth in particular. Yet it is a strangely under-studied and seldom-examined phenomenon. In the Summer and Autumn of 2009, the European Chamber and Roland Berger Strategy Consultants set out to examine to what extent overcapacity harms China’s economic development and contributes to rising trade tensions, and to provide suggestions on how this increasingly urgent problem could be addressed. The study will look at how this problem is affecting several key industries, and ask what are the specific drivers of overcapacity in these sectors. The industries examined in detail are: Steel, Aluminium, Cement, Chemicals, Refining and Wind Power Equipment.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

China Wind Power Study 2008 – An Analysis of the Status Quo and Perspectives for Development

This study provides a comprehensive overview of wind power in China in 2008, and offers an outlook to future development. In order to provide a sound basis for the alignment of the German Development Corporation’s (GTZ) wind power activities with actual market conditions, government policies as well as other determinants of wind power, development are analyzed and possible pitfalls for development identified. As a conclusion, the study presents recommendations for measures to promote a long-term sustained development of wind power in China.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

Wind Power Industry Status and Preferential Policies in China

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

Wind Technologies Market Report

This report, authored primarily by Ryan Wiser and Mark Bolinger of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, provides a comprehensive overview of trends in the U.S. wind power market, with a particular focus on 2008. Drawing from a variety of sources, this report provides the latest information on a variety of topics, including: Wind project installation trends; Wind industry development; Evolution of wind power sales prices; Price comparison of wind and fossil fuel power generation; Installed wind project costs; Wind turbine prices; Wind project performance; Operation and maintenance cost trends; Integration, transmission, and policy developments; Future outlook. This report provides the most comprehensive summary and analysis of data on project-level wind power pricing, installed project costs, O&M expenses, and wind project performance to date.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

A Comparison of Wind Power Industry Development Strategies in Spain, India and China

This paper compares the manner in which Gamesa (Spain), Suzlon (India) and Goldwind (China) became domestic leaders in their respective countries’ wind industries, with a focus on the acquisition of technology, technological know-how, and the associated intellectual property rights. The paper also reviews the respective policy environments for wind energy in India, China, and Spain and how these policies have influenced the rise of a major domestic wind turbine manufacturer in each national context.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

Promoting RE in Portugal – Implications for China

The government officials charged with implementing China’s renewable energy law have been investigating how to implement both a wind concession/tendering scheme and a standard feed-in tariff policy, while at the same time incorporating incentives for local renewable energy equipment manufacturing. Portugal’s renewable energy policy is an interesting case study because that country has also sought to implement these three concepts into a coherent renewable energy policy. This paper summarizes the Portuguese policy measures promoting renewable energy. It discusses the principal supporting instruments that have been established, with particular emphasis on the feed-in tariff regulation for electricity from renewable sources. A striking element of that regulation is the specific formula that is used to calculate the effective remuneration for renewable energy projects, on a monthly basis, with respect to the individual features of the power generation facility in question. This formula is therefore presented in some detail. The second part of this paper reviews the large utility tender for wind power that was released by the Portuguese government in 2005. Besides seeking to increase the installed capacity of wind power in the country, this tender aimed to establish a wind turbine manufacturing industry in Portugal. This was done by introducing local content requirements. The present paper lists the requirements potential bidding parties had to meet. It further discusses how bids were evaluated, as well as their interaction with the existing feed-in scheme for renewable electricity. The paper concludes with a brief presentation of the tender outcomes, and an overview of plans for additional tender calls. Although experience from Portugal is not necessarily applicable to China’s unique conditions, three elements of this experience may be of particular interest to our Chinese colleagues: a) The design of Portugal’s feed-in tariff policy, and how feed-in tariff levels are established, b)How Portugal has implemented both a tendering/concession program and feed-in tariff policy, and the relationship between these two types of support mechanisms, c) The design of Portugal’s tendering system, including incentives and requirements for local wind manufacturing, and bid evaluation methods.

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations

World Wind Energy Conference Resolution

RECOGNISING the presence of the more than one thousand representatives attending this Conference including the political, academic, environmental, scientific and technical leaders from the wind energy world together with the exhibitors from manufacturers and suppliers and with particular recognition of our host from the Chinese Wind Energy Association AND FURTHER RECOGNISING the particular support of the Government of the Peoples Republic of China and the German Government and Parliamentarians together with the Patronage of the Chairman of the African Union Commission, Mr Alpha Oumar Konaré, AND CONFIRMING that the clear view of the role of wind power as the most significant of the presently available growth technologies for Renewable Energy expansion…

6 Renewable Energy, 6.2.0 Wind, 6.2.4 International Cooperation and International Comparisons and Recommendations