Archive for 1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research

China’s Energy Policy

To curb excessive consumption of energy resources and achieve the comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development of the economy, society and ecology, China keeps strengthening its efforts in energy conservation and emission reduction, and strives to raise the efficiency of energy utilization. As a result, energy consumption per unit of GDP has been decreasing year by year. China will continue to take the Scientific Outlook on Development as its guiding principle, and work hard to transform its development pattern, giving prominence to building a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society. It relies on scientific, technological and system innovation to raise efficiency in all aspects of energy utilization, further develops new and renewable energy resources, and promotes the clean and efficient development and utilization of fossil energy resources. The country endeavors to build a modern energy industry which is secure, stable, economical and clean, in order to provide a solid guarantee for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and make greater contributions to the world’s economic development.

1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research

Market-driven Energy Pricing Necessary to Ensure China’s Power Supply

China’s rapid economic growth has strained its power supply, as manifested for instance by the widespread 2008 power shortage. The cause for this shortage is thought to be the current Chinese energy pricing system, which is mainly government rather than market controlled. Government- regulated price-caps for coal have seriously affected coal supply. At the same time price-caps for electricity supply have caused suspension of power plant operation. As a result, the average operating time of coal-fired power plants declined 50 h annually across the nation in the first half of 2008 compared to the previous year, despite clear power shortages. Here, it will be suggested that energy pricing, set by supply and demand may effectively discourage excessive growth in heavy industry, substantially encourage energy conservation and efficiency, and curb the rapid electricity demand in China. It will be argued that a market-oriented electricity pricing mechanism is required for China to secure its future power supply.

1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research, Uncategorized

China’s Energy Conditions and Policies

China is now the world’s second-largest energy producer and consumer. The sustained growth of energy supply has provided an important support for the country’s economic growth and social progress, while the rapid expansion of energy consumption has created a vast scope for the global energy market. As an irreplaceable component of the world energy market, China plays an increasingly important role in maintaining global energy security. Guided by the Scientific Outlook on Development, the Chinese government is accelerating its development of a modern energy industry, taking resource conservation and environmental protection as two basic state policies, giving prominence to building a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society in the course of its industrialization and modernization, striving to enhance its capability for sustainable development and making China an innovative country, so as to make greater contributions to the world’s economy and prosperity.

1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research

National Energy Plan 2004-2020

November 2003, the State Council Development Research Center (DRC) presented an initial draft of the National Energy Plan to senior leaders at the November 15-17, 2003 China Development Forum. These senior leaders, including Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan and National People’s Congress (NPC) General Secretary Sheng Huaren, endorsed the plan, which calls for making energy efficiency the number one priority in China’s energy strategy. An early draft of the main report along with eleven background reports and written comments by international energy experts Thomas B. Johansson and Peter A. Bradford are available for download. DRC is currently revising the National Energy Plan for adoption by the State Council.

1.1 General Energy Concerns, 1.1.1 Chinese Sources – Official Chinese Governmental and Academic Research