Rural Electrification, Human Development and the Renewable Energy Potential of China

Abstract Recognizing the successes of other countries, including Bangladesh and Chile, the Chinese government focused on rural electrification programs as a means of stimulating industrial growth and movement towards further modernization. Since the inception of efforts at rural electrification, China has been successful in electrifying 98% of its population. This was accomplished while maintaining high rates of growth and improved human development indicators, like literacy and infant mortality rates, as well as per capita income. Because of China’s electrification programs, it has achieved incredible success in moving towards its own development goal, as well as those of the United Nations Millennium; however, there is plenty of room for improvement.
Author Global Energy Network Institute (GENI), by Peter Meisen and Nicole Cavino , October 2007
6 Renewable Energy, 6.1.4 Rural Renewable Energy Use