Facing Chinas Coal Future: Prospects and Challenges for Carbon Capture and Storage

Abstract According to IEA analysis, if there are no major policy changes, carbon‐intensive coal and other fossil fuels will continue to play a significant role in meeting future energy needs, in China and globally. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one of the technology options available to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the use of fossil fuels. CCS offers the opportunity to meet climate change objectives while providing energy security, as part of a portfolio of options including energy efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy, more efficient coal technologies and fuel switching from coal to gas. To meet the energy challenges of associated CO2 emissions, global deployment of all these technologies will be necessary to achieve a more sustainable future. This paper discusses the status of CCS in China, providing updates on past activities in R&D and on current projects, and an overview of potential and challenges for CCS development in China. It explores China’s energy and emission trends and pathways and the potential role for CCS, and analyses China’s current CCS‐related activities and policies and options for financing of CCS. The paper also provides perspectives on CCS from various Chinese stakeholders, examples of key CCS activities with details on specific projects, and information on the regulatory and policy environment and international co‐operation related to CCS in China. Globally, CCS for facilities using natural gas must be considered, but this report is concerned mainly with technologies using coal, which will remain China’s dominant fuel for some years to come.
Date 2012
Publisher International Energy Agency (IEA)
Link http://www.iea.org/publications/insights/chinas_coal_future.pdf
2 Coal, 2.5 "Cleaning Up" Coal & Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS)